San Library / References

 

Andersson, Lars-Gunnar; Janson, Tore. 1997.
Languages in Botswana: language ecology in southern Africa. Longman Botswana. Gaborone. Pp 204. [ISBN 99912-73-99-9]
Reviews etc.: Andy M. Chebanne, Marang, v 12/13 (1996/1997), pp 45-47; Sabine Neumann, Frankfurter afrikanistische Blätter, v 9 (1997), pp 159-163; Herman M. Batibo, Botswana notes and records, v 30 (1998), pp 188ff; Arvi Hurskainen, Nordic journal of African studies, v 7 (1998), pp 95-99; Robert K. Herbert, Anthropological linguistics, v 41 (1999), pp 561ff; Dorcas B. Molefe, Journal of southern African studies, v 25 (1999), 708-709.

Baines, Thomas. 1864.
Explorations in South West Africa, being an account of a journey in the years 1861 and 1862 from Walvisch Bay, on the western coast, to Lake Ngami and the Victoria Falls. Longman, Green, Longman, Roberts & Green. London. Pp xiv, 535.
Reviews etc.: Anon, "Explorations in South West Africa", The anthropological review, v 4 (1866), pp 243-252.
The author "travelled through Naro and southern !Kung country" (Barnard 1992:12). Reprinted 1968 by Gregg International in Farnborough; and 1973 by Pioneer Head in Salisbury/Harare.

Balsan, François. 1959.
Nouvelle approche de Bushmen au Kalahari. Ethnographie, nouvelle série, 53, pp 11-18.
Contains a short !Kung and Naro wordlist.

Barnard, Alan. 1976.
Nharo Bushman kinship and the transformation of Khoi kin categories. PhD thesis. University of London.

Barnard, Alan. 1978.
The kin terminology system of the Nharo Bushmen. Cahiers d'études africaines, 72, pp 607-629, 652.

Barnard, Alan. 1979.
Nharo Bushman medicine and medicine men. Africa, 49 (1), pp 68-80.

Barnard, Alan. 1980.
Sex roles among the Nharo Bushman of Botswana. Africa, 50 (2), pp 115-124.
Discusses Naro, ÷Kx'au-||ein (!Kung) and !Xoo.

Barnard, Alan. 1980.
Kinship and social organization in Nharo cosmology. In: Proceedings of the 2nd international conference on hunting and gathering societies, pp 31-54. Institut d'Anthropologie, Université Laval. Québec.

Barnard, Alan. 1984.
The perception and utilization of morama and other food plants by the Nharo of western Botswana. Occasional papers from the Center for African Studies, no 4. Center of African Studies, University of Edinburgh. Edinburgh.

Barnard, Alan. 1985.
A Nharo wordlist, with notes on grammar. Occasional publications from the Department of African Studies, no 2. University of Natal. Durban. Pp x, 238. [ISBN 0-86980-437-5]

Barnard, Alan. 1986.
Some aspects of Nharo ethnobotany. In: Contemporary studies on Khoisan (Festschrift Oswin R. A. Köhler). Edited by Rainer Vossen & Klaus Keuthmann. (Quellen zur Khoisan-Forschung, Bd 5.) Helmut Buske Verlag. Hamburg.

Barnard, Alan. 1988.
Tradition and change in Nharo ethnography [= book review: 'The Nharo Bushmen of Botswana' by Matthias Guenther]. In: New perspectives on the study of Khoisan, pp 139-147. Edited by Rainer Vossen. (Quellen zur Khoisan-Forschung, Bd 7.) Helmut Buske Verlag. Hamburg.
Reviews etc.: Mathias Guenther, "Reply to Alan Barnard's review" in 'New perspectives on the study of Khoisan' (ed. by Rainer Vossen; Helmut Buske Verlag, 1988), pp 149-154.

Barnard, Alan. 1989.
Nharo kinship in social and cosmological perspective: comparisons between southern African and Australian hunter-gatherers. Mankind, 19 (3), pp 198-214.

Barnard, Alan. 1992.
Hunters and herders of southern Africa: a comparative ethnography of the Khoisan peoples. Cambridge studies in social and cultural anthropology, v 85. Cambridge University Press. Cambridge. Pp xxv, 349. [ISBN 0-521-41188-2, 0-521-42865-3]
Reviews etc.: Megan Biesele, Sprache und Geschichte in Afrika, v 12/13 (1991/92), pp 375-379; Alec C. Campbell, Botswana notes and records, v 24 (1992), pp 218-219; Mathias Guenther, "'The pattern is the thing': diversity and uniformity amongst Khoisan", Current anthropology, v 33 (1992), pp 478-481; I. N. Mazonde, Bulletin of the School of Oriental and African Studies, v 56 (1993), pp 427-428.

Barnard, Alan; Widlok, Thomas. 1996.
Nharo and Hai||om settlement patterns in comparative perspective. In: Cultural diversity among twentieth-century foragers, pp 87-107. Edited by Susan Kent. Cambridge University Press. Cambridge.

Biesele, [Marguerite] [Anne] Megan; Guenther, Mathias [Georg]; Hitchcock, Robert K[arl]; Lee, Richard B.; MacGregor, Jean. 1988.
Hunters, clients and squatters: the contemporary socioeconomic status of Botswana Basarwa. African study monographs, 9 (3), pp 109-151.
Studies of five Bushman societies: Dobe, Kauri, Ghanzi, Bere and Nata.

Bleek, Dorothea F[rances]. 1922.
Report on anthropological research among the Bushmen in South West Africa Protectorate. Windhoek. Pp 55.
Later published (and revised?) as 'The Naron' by Cambridge UP, 1928.

Bleek, Dorothea F[rances]. 1924.
Bushman terms of relationship. Bantu studies and general South African anthropology, 2 (2), pp 57-70.
Deals with |Xam-ka-!'e on pp 57-62, ||K'au-||en (or Auen) on pp 62-63, !Kung on pp 64-65, plus Naron on pp 63 and 66-70.

Bleek, Dorothea F[rances]. 1928.
The Naron: a Bushman tribe of the central Kalahari. Publications of the School of African Life and Language, University of Cape Town. University Press. Cambridge. Pp ix, 67.
Reviews etc.: A. W[erner], Journal of the African Society, v 27 (1927/28), pp 415-417.
This is the essentially or entirely the same as Bleek's 'Report on anthropological research among the Bushmen in South West Africa Protectorate', publ. 1922. Reprinted 1978 by AMS Press in New York (ISBN 0-404-15908-7).

Bleek, Dorothea F[rances]. 1929.
Comparative vocabularies of Bushman languages. Publications of the School of African Life and Language, University of Cape Town. University Press. Cambridge. Pp 94.
Reviews etc.: F. W. H. M[igeod], Journal of the African Society, v 28 (1928/29), pp 307-308.

Bleek, Dorothea F[rances]. 1939/40.
A short survey of Bushman languages. Zeitschrift für Eingeborenen-Sprachen, 30, pp 52-72.

Bleek, Dorothea F[rances]. 1956.
A Bushman dictionary. Edited by Zellig S. Harris. American Oriental series, v 41. American Oriental Society. New Haven (Connecticut). Pp xii, 773.
Reviews etc.: C. M. Doke, African studies, v 16 (1957), pp 142-125; Joseph H. Greenberg, Language, v 33 (1957), pp 495-497; Ernst Westphal, Africa, v 27 (1957), pp 203-204; Oswin R. A. Köhler, Afrika und übersee, v 43 (1959/60), pp 133-138.
Contains lexical material from 29 Bushman languages/dialects. Part 1: Bushman-English; Part 2: English-Bushman.

Blench, Roger M. 1999.
Are the African pygmies an ethnographic fiction?. In: Central African hunter-gatherers in a multidisciplinary perspective: challenging elusiveness, pp 41-60. Edited by Karen Biesbrouck, Stefan Elders & Gerda Rossel. Research School of Asian, African and Amerindian Studies (CNWS), State University of Leiden. Leiden.
Discusses various "remnant" populations/languages of Africa, such as Kwadi, Kwisi, Dama, Cimba, Hadza, Sandawe, Okiek, Dahalo, Yaaku, Boni, Ik/Soo (Kuliak), Ongota, Shabo, Oropom, Kujarge, Kajakse, Laal, and Jalaa.

Childers, Gary W. 1976.
Report on the survey/investigation of the Ghanzi farm Basarwa situation. Government Printer (Botswana). Gaborone.

Ehret, Christopher. 1967.
Cattle-keeping and milking in eastern and southern African history: the linguistic evidence. Journal of African history, 8 (1), pp 1-17.

Ehret, Christopher. 1982.
The first spread of food production to southern Africa. In: The archaeological and linguistic reconstruction of African history, pp 158-181. Edited by Christopher Ehret & Merrick Posnansky. University of California Press. Berkeley, Los Angeles & London.

Gillett, Simon. 1970.
Notes on the settlement in the Ghanzi district. Botswana notes and records, 2, pp 52-55.

Guenther, Mathias [Georg]. 1970.
The effect of Christianity on Bushmen. Botswana notes and records, 2, pp 125-126.

Guenther, Mathias [Georg]. 1974.
Farm Bushmen: socio-cultural change and incorporation of the San of the Ghanzi district, Republic of Botswana. Unpublished report. Botswana Government. Gaborone.
Apparently (near-)identical to the author's thesis, University of Toronto, 1973.

Guenther, Mathias [Georg]. 1975.
The trance dancer as an agent of social change among the farm Bushmen of the Ghanzi district. Botswana notes and records, 7, pp 161-166.

Guenther, Mathias [Georg]. 1975.
San acculturation and incorporation in the ranching areas of the Ghanzi District: some urgent anthropological issues. Botswana notes and records, 7, pp 167-170.

Guenther, Mathias [Georg]. 1975/76.
The San trance dance: ritual and revitalization among the farm Bushmen of the Ghanzi district, Republic of Botswana. Journal of the South West African Scientific Society, 30, pp 45-53.

Guenther, Mathias [Georg]. 1976.
From hunter-gatherers to squatters: social and cultural change among the Ghanzi farm Bushmen. In: Kalahari hunter-gatherers, pp 120-133. Edited by Richard B. Lee & Irven DeVore. Harvard University Press. Cambridge (Massachusetts) & London.

Guenther, Mathias [Georg]. 1977.
Bushman hunters as farm labourers. Canadian journal of African studies, 11 (2), pp 195-203.

Guenther, Mathias [Georg]. 1979.
The farm Bushmen of the Ghanzi district, Botswana. Hochschulverlag. Stuttgart.

Guenther, Mathias [Georg]. 1981.
Men and women in Nharo belief and ritual. Namibiana: communications of the ethno-historical study group, 3 (2), pp 17-24.

Guenther, Mathias [Georg]. 1983.
Buschmänner (Nharo). In: Menschenbilder früher Gesellschaften, pp 75-107. Edited by Klaus E. Müller. Campus Verlag. Frankfurt-am-Main & New York.

Guenther, Mathias [Georg]. 1986.
The Nharo Bushmen of Botswana: tradition and change. Quellen zur Khoisan-Forschung, Bd 3. Helmut Buske Verlag. Hamburg. Pp xx, 348. [ISBN 3-87118-763-1]
Reviews etc.: Alan Barnard, "Tradition and change in Nharo ethnography" in 'New perspectives on the study of Khoisan' (ed. by Rainer Vossen; Helmu Burske Verlag, 1988), pp 139-147; Mathias Guenther, "Reply to Alan Barnard's review" in 'New perspectives on the study of Khoisan' (ed. by Rainer Vossen; Helmu Burske Verlag, 1988), pp 149-154.

Guenther, Mathias [Georg]. 1988.
Reply to Alan Barnard's review of 'The Nharo Bushmen of Botswana'. In: New perspectives on the study of Khoisan, pp 149-154. Edited by Rainer Vossen. (Quellen zur Khoisan-Forschung, Bd 7.) Helmut Buske Verlag. Hamburg.

Guenther, Mathias [Georg]. 1989.
Bushman folktales: oral traditions of the Nharo of Botswana and the |Xam of the Cape. Studien zur Kulturkunde, Bd 93. Franz Steiner Verlag. Stuttgart. Pp 166.
Reviews etc.: Roger Hewitt, Bulletin of the School of Oriental and African Studies, v 53 (1990), pp 581-582; Janette Deacon, Sprache und Geschichte in Afrika, v 12/13 (1991/92), pp 381-390.

Guenther, Mathias [Georg]. 1990.
Convergent and divergent themes in Bushman myth and art. In: Die Veltfalt der Kultur, pp 273-254. Edited by Karl Heinz Kohl, Heinzarnold Muszinski & Ivo Strecker. Dietrich Reimer Verlag. Berlin.

Guenther, Mathias [Georg]. 1991.
Animals in Bushman thought, myth and art. In: Hunters and gatherers, 2: property, power and ideology, pp 192-202. Edited by Tim Ingold, David Riches & James Woodburn. (Explorations in anthropology.) Berg. Oxford & Providence (Rhode Island).

Guenther, Mathias [Georg]. 1992.
Not a Bushman thing: witchcraft among the Bushmen and hunter-gatherers. Anthropos, 87 (1/3), pp 83-107.

Hasselbring, Sue. 2000.
A sociolinguistic survey of the languages of Botswana, v 1. Sociolinguistic studies of Botswana language series. Basarwa Languages Project, under the University of Botswana/University of Tromsø Collaborative Basarwa Research Programme. Gaborone. Pp ii, 142.

Hasselbring, Sue; Segatlhe, Thabiso; Munch, Julie. 2001.
A sociolinguistic survey of the languages of Botswana, v 2. Sociolinguistic studies of Botswana language series. Basarwa Languages Project, under the University of Botswana/University of Tromsø Collaborative Basarwa Research Programme. Gaborone. Pp v, 196.

Köhler, Oswin R. A. 1962.
Studien zum Genussystem und Verbalbau der zentralen Khoisan-Sprachen. Anthropos, 57, pp 529-546.

Kagaya, Ryohei. 1978.
Soundspectrographic analysis of Naron clicks: a preliminary report. Annual bulletin of the Research Institute of Logopedics and Phoniatrics, University of Tokyo, 12, pp 113-125.

Kagaya, Ryohei. 1978.
A phonetic sketch of Naron around Ghanzi. Journal of Asian and African studies/Ajia afuriku gengo bunka kenkyu, 16, pp 29-63.

Maingard, L[ouis] F[ernand]. 1961.
The central group of the click languages of the Kalahari. African studies, 20 (2), pp 114-122.
Reviews etc.: L. F. Maingard, "Alterations", African studies, v 20 (1961), p 194.

Maingard, L[ouis] F[ernand]. 1963.
A comparative study of Naron, Hietshware and Korana. African studies (Johannesburg), 22 (3), pp 97-108.

Metzger, Fritz. 1950.
Narro and his clan. John Meinert in co-operation with the South West African Scientific Society. Windhoek. Pp 93.

Metzger, Fritz. 1988.
Narro und seine Sippe. Aus dem englischen übersetzt. Südwestafrikanische Wissenschaftliche Gesellschaft. Windhoek.

Miller, Marc S. (Ed.) 1993.
State of the peoples: a global human rights report on societies in danger. Beacon Press. Boston.
Includes many sections on African peoples, eg. "The Ju/'hoan Bushmen: indigenous rights in a nw country" (pp 33-39) by Megan Biesele, "Ethiopia's uncertain future" (pp 46-53) by Herbert S. Lewis, "Bega of Ethiopia" (p 164) by Daniel Stiles, "Boran of Kenya" (pp 164-165) by Elliot Fratkin, "Bushman peoples of Namibia and South Africa" (p 165) by Megan Biesele, "G/wi and G//ana of, Botswana" (pp 166-167) by John Hudelson, "Hadzabe of Tanzania" (pp 167-168) by Nicholas Blurton Jones, "Maasai of Kenya and Tanzania" (pp 170-171) by Elliot Fratkin, "Nharo Bushmen of Botswana" (p 172) by Mathias Guenther, "Nuer of Sudan" (pp 172-173) by Sharon Hutchinson, "Okavango Delta peoples of Botswana" (pp 174-175) by John Bock, "Okiek of Kenya" (p 175) by Roderic H. Blackburn, "Rendille of Kenya" (p 176) by Elliot Fratkin, "Somali of Somalia, Ethiopia, Kenya and Djibouti" (pp 176-177) by Robert K. Hitchcock, "Turkana of Kenya" (pp 177-178) by Elliot Fratkin, "Tyua of Zimbabwe" (p 178) by Robert K. Hitchcock, "Bega of Ethiopia" (p 183) by John Prendergast, "Nuba of Sudan" (pp 186-187) by Peter Moszynski, "Nubians in Egypt" (p 187) by Robert A. Fernea, "Nuer and Anuak of Ethiopia" (pp 187-188) by John Prendergast, "Sidama of Ethiopia" (p 190) by John Prendergast.

Norton, W. A. 1919.
The South-West protectorate and its native population. South African journal of science, 16, pp 453-465.
Contains, among others things, a short wordlist of Molepolole Sesarwa, Hai||om Nama and "Adam Kok Bushman" (Bonny Sands, pc).

Nurse, George T[revor]; Tanaka, Noriko; MacNab, G.; Jenkins, Trefor. 1973.
Non-veneral syphilis and Australia antigen among G|Wi and G||Ana San of the Kalahari Reserve, Botswana. Central African journal of medicine, 19, pp 207-213.

Passarge, S[iegfried]. 1905.
Die Buschmänner der Kalahari. Mitteilungen aus den deutschen Schutzgebieten, 18, pp 194-292.
Reviews etc.: Gustav Fritsch, Zeitschrift für Ethnologie, v 38 (1906), pp 71-79; S. Passarge, "Eine Berichtigung zu der Besprechung", Zeitschrift für Ethnologie, v 38 (1906), pp 411-415.
Later re-published 1907 in book form (slightly revised).

Passarge, S[iegfried]. 1907.
Die Buschmänner der Kalahari. Verlag von Dietrich Reimer. Berlin. Pp v, 144.
Reviews etc.: Anon, Journal of the African Society, v 7 (1907/08), pp 105-106.
Slight revision of his 1905 article.

Planert, W[ilhelm]. 1905.
über die Sprache der Hottentotten und Buschmänner. Mitteilungen des Seminars für orientalische Sprachen, 8 (III. Abt.), pp 104-176.
Reprinted as a booklet by Verlag von Dietrich Reimer in Berlin (MSOS Sonderdrücke, Bd 8).

Sands, Bonny [Eva]. 1995.
Evaluating claims of distant linguistic relationships: the case of Khoisan. PhD thesis. UCLA dissertations in linguistics, no 14. University of California at Los Angeles (UCLA). Pp xiii, 184.

Sands, Bonny [Eva]. 1998.
Comparison and classification of Khoisan languages. In: Language history and linguistic description in Africa, pp 75-85. Edited by Ian Maddieson & Thomas J. Hinnebusch. (Trends in African linguistics, v 2.) Africa World Press. Trenton (New Jersey) & Asmara.

Sands, Bonny [Eva]. 1998.
Eastern and southern African Khoisan: evaluating claims of distant linguistic relationship. Quellen zur Khoisan-Forschung/Research in Khoisan studies, Bd 14. Rüdiger Köppe Verlag. Köln. Pp 256. [ISBN 3-89645-142-1]
Revision of the author's thesis, UCLA, 1995.

Sands, Bonny [Eva]. 2001.
Borrowing and diffusion as a source of lexical similarities in Khoesan. In: Khoisan: syntax, phonetics, phonology and contact, pp 200-224. Edited by Arthur Bell & P. Washburn. (Cornell working papers in linguistics, no 18.) Cornell University. Ithaca (New York).

Schapera, Isaac. 1930.
The Khoisan languages. In: The Khoisan peoples of South Africa, pp 419-438. Regan & Kegan Paul. London.

Schinz, Hans. 1891.
Deutsch-Südwest-Afrika: Forschungsreisen durch die deutschen Schutzgebiete Gross-Nama- und Hereroland nach dem Kunene, dem Ngami-See und der KalaXari, 1884-1887. Schultzesche Hofbuchhandlung. Oldenburg (Deutschland) & Leipzig. Pp xvi, 568.
Includes, among other things, data derived from somebody named Pabst who wrote down some words of a South Khoesan language called ÷Kaurure-||nai (Winter 1981:342f).

Schmidt, Sigrid. 1986.
Tales and beliefs about eyes-on-his-feet: the interrelatedness of Khoisan folklore. In: The past and future of !Kung ethnography (Festschrift Lorna Marshall), pp 169-194. Edited by [Marguerite] [Anne] Megan Biesele, Robert J[ames] Gordon & Richard B. Lee. (Quellen zur Khoisan-Forschung, Bd 4.) Helmut Buske Verlag. Hamburg.

Seiner, Franz. 1909.
Ergebnisse einer Bereisung des Gebiets zwischen Okawango und Sambesi (Caprivi-Zipfel) in den Jahren 1905 und 1906. Mitteilungen aus den deutschen Schutzgebieten, 22, pp 98-119.

Steyn, H. P. 1971.
Die socio-ekonomiese lewe van die Nharo. Proefskrif (MA). Universiteit van Stellenbosch.

Steyn, H. P. 1971.
Aspects of the economic life of some nomadic Nharo Bushmen groups. Annals of the South African Museum, 56 (6), pp 275-322.

Steyn, H. P. 1981.
Nharo plant utilization: an overview. Khoisis, v 1. University of Stellenbosch. Stellenbosch.

Tobias, Phillip V[allentine]. 1955.
Les bochimans Auen et Naron de Ghanzi: contribution a l'étude des "anciens jaunes" sub-africains [parties 1-2]. L'anthropologie, 59, pp 235-252, 429-461.

Tobias, Phillip V[allentine]. 1956.
Les bochimans Auen et Naron de Ghanzi: contribution a l'étude des "anciens jaunes" sub-africains [partie 3]. L'anthropologie, 60, pp 22-52.

Visser, Hessel. 1994.
Naro dictionary: Naro-English, English-Naro. Naro Language Project. Ghanzi (Botswana). Pp iii, 97.

Visser, Hessel. 1994.
Literacy in Naro. In: Developing Basarwa research and research for Basarwa development, pp 25-28. Edited by Sidsel Saugestad & Joseph Tsonope. National Institute of Development Research and Documentation (NIR), University of Botswana. Gaborone.

Visser, Hessel. 1998.
The phonological system of Naro. In: Language, identity and conceptualization among the Khoisan, pp 117-136. Edited by Mathias Schladt. (Quellen zur Khoisan-Forschung/Research in Khoisan studies, Bd 15.) Rüdiger Köppe Verlag. Köln.

Visser, Hessel. 2000.
Language and cultural empowerment of the Khoesan people: the Naro experience. In: Botswana: the future of the minority languages, pp 193-215. Edited by Herman M. Batibo & Birgit Smieja. (Duisburger Arbeiten zur Sprach- und Kulturwissenschaft, Bd 40.) Peter Lang Publishers. Frankfurt-am-Main.

Visser, Hessel. 2000.
Khoesan orthography revisited: advantages and disadvantages of using Roman letters for click symbols. In: The state of Khoesan languages in Botswana, pp 140-160. Edited by Herman M. Batibo & Joseph Tsonope. Tasalls Publishing and Books for the Basarwa Languages Project, University of Botswana/University of Tromsø Collaborative Basarwa Research Programme. Mogoditshane (Botswana) & Gaborone.

Visser, Hessel. 2001.
Naro dictionary: Naro-English, English-Naro. Fourth edition. Naro Language Project; SIL International. Ghanzi (Botswana). Pp 240.

Visser, Hessel; Visser, Coby. 1993.
Naro in a quarter of an hour. Course material. Ghanzi (Botswana). Pp 42.

Visser, Hessel; Visser, Coby. 1998.
Analysis of Naro names. In: The proceedings of the Khoisan identities and cultural heritage conference, held at the South African Museum, Cape Town, 12-16 July 1997, pp 225-231. Edited by Andrew Bank, Hans Heese & Chris Loff. Infosource; Institute of Historical Research, University of Western Cape. Cape Town.

Vossen, Rainer. 1986.
Some observations on nominal gender in Naró. In: Festschrift zum 60. Geburtstag von Carl F. Hoffmann, pp 373-390. Edited by Franz Rottland. (Bayreuther Beiträge zur Sprachwissenschaft, Bd 7.) Helmut Buske Verlag. Hamburg.

Wadley, Lynn. 1996.
The Bleek and Lloyd records of death and burial: the problems that these present to archaeologists. In: Voices from the past: /Xam Bushmen and the Bleek and Lloyd Collection, pp 271-286. Edited by Janette Deacon & Thomas A. Dowson. (Khoisan heritage series.) Witwatersrand University Press. Johannesburg.
Discusses |Xam, Naro and !Xung burials.

Westphal, Ernst [Oswald] [Johannes]. 1945.
Unpublished field notes on Nama and Naron.
Referred to by Levy (1968:?).

Westphal, Ernst [Oswald] [Johannes]. 1965.
Linguistic research in SWA and Angola. In: Die ethnischen Gruppen Südwestafrikas, pp 125-144. (Wissenschaftliche Forschung in Südwestafrika, Bd 3.) Südwestafrikanische Wissenschaftliche Gesellschaft. Windhoek.

Wily, Elizabeth. 1982.
A strategy of self-determination for the Kalahari San (the Botswana Government's programme of action in the Ghanzi farms). Development and change, 13 (2), pp 291-308. Theme issue: 'The future of nomads in Africa', ed. Jeremy Swift.

Winter, Jürgen Christoph. 1981.
Khoisan. In: Die Sprachen Afrikas, pp 329-374. Edited by Bernd Heine, Thilo C. Schadeberg & Ekkehard Wolff. Helmut Buske Verlag. Hamburg.